New Testament Survey (8-28-19) - Mark

New Testament Survey (8-28-19) - Mark

What does the Old Testament book of Isaiah have to do with Mark’s gospel? See Isaiah 52:13-53:12 (This is noted on page 46 in your course manual under, “Selected Related Passages”.

Screen Shot 2019-09-03 at 9.25.08 AM.png

Dear Class,

Thank you for welcoming Joe Crum on Wednesday night. As Joe mentioned, I had met earlier in the day with the family of a dear friend who died on Monday night and preparing for the funeral that occurred on Thursday.

I so appreciate Joe so ably stepping in to sub for me. I missed being with you all as we studied the gospel of Mark. Joe sent his audio of the class on this file.

With several edits to fit our class, and so that you will have a “paper” version of what was covered in Mark, I am sending you this recap from a former BTCL class.

Recap of the gospel of Mark, Wednesday, August 28, 2019:

Our objectives for the night were:

-That we understand the gospel according to Mark as he presents the Lord Jesus as the Son of Man; the servant who paid the penalty for our sins

-That we choose to be great by being the servant of others

-That we see the contrast between Matthew, “the gospel to the Jews”, and Mark, “the gospel to the Romans”.

Notice goals #3, #1, and #6 on page 8 in your course manual. In our study of Mark and the other gospel accounts, we want to gain a basic understanding of the content of the gospels, see the relationship of the gospel accounts to our salvation, and develop a clearer picture of the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Without the historical gospel accounts, the epistles of the New Testament are baseless, i.e. the commands, rebukes, and exhortations of the New Testament letters find their reference point in the person of Christ and the events of his life portrayed in the narratives of the writings of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Much has been said and written about the "search for the historical Jesus". The search can be done and successfully accomplished by reading the four gospel accounts!!

As we mentioned in the introduction session for New Testament Survey and reinforced later in the study of Matthew, the first three gospels are known as the synoptic gospels; "synoptic" from two words we get the phrase "to see together". The analogy is like taking a photo of a person from three different profiles. John's gospel stands alone, in a sense, due to the fact that when compared with the synoptics, 90% of the material in John is unique to that book. (See page 64 in your course manual)

In Mark notice the fast paced style of the writer as he clicks through the events moving from one scene to another as he presents the Service of Christ, chapters 1-10; the Sacrifice of Christ, chapters 11-15; and the Success of Christ, chapter 16. See manual page 42.

Key verse for the book: Mark 10:45 "For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Look at the Harmony of the Gospels at the end of John in your NIV Study Bible. This harmony compares the authors choice of material as each wrote his book. Notice that Mark does not include any information in the first two sections of the harmony, “A Preview Of Who Jesus Is”, and “The Early Years Of John The Baptist”. Rather, Mark cuts to the chase concerning the public ministry of John the Baptist and the ministry of the Lord Jesus. Mark is a book of action!

Also, don’t miss the Passion Week map and details near Mark 15. This is an excellent tool and we will use it next week in our discussion of Luke’s gospel.

In our study of Matthew last week, August 21, 2019, we discussed the use of the terms, Kingdom of God, or Kingdom of Heaven as used in the New Testament.

Charles Ryrie explains the use of the terms in four senses: (We simplified this into three, merging the third and fourth terms.)

1. The universal kingdom, i.e. the Lord God is King and Ruler of all things: 1Chronicles 29:10-11; Dan.2:37

2. The Davidic/Messianic kingdom, i.e. there is a future Messianic earthly kingdom in fulfillment of the covenant with David in 2Sam.7:12-16

3. There is a "mystery" form of the kingdom presented in Matt.13:11, 39-40, that exists between his first and second comings. It began as he taught his disciples information that was previously unknown, and ends at his second coming.

4. Three is a spiritual kingdom, that is the church, composed of those who have been placed in this kingdom by the new birth, Col 1:13

In class we used the simpler version stated by Norman Geisler, in his Systematic Theology, Vol.4, pp. 461ff, notes that the "kingdom of heaven" and the "kingdom of God” are used interchangeably. See Matt.3:2 and Mk.1:15. He classifies the use of God’s kingdom as, “God’s kingdom means God’s reign, and the various times, spheres, and purposes of His overall reign have taken on different forms”. Then he lists the following:

1. God’s Universal Kingdom, Ps.145:13

2. God’s Messianic Kingdom, 2 Sam.7; Rev. 20:4

3. God’s Spiritual Kingdom, i.e., the Kingdom of God including Old Testament believers and believers after Pentecost, that is the church. Lk.13:28; Eph.3:3-6; Col.1:26-27

Bottom line on this subject, it seems easiest to remember, Universal--over all men and things; Messianic--that which will commence with the return of the Lord Jesus; and Spiritual--those in the pre-Christian era who are believers in the One True God, and after the first coming of Christ, believers in him.

As Dennis notes on page 43, Mark emphasizes the rejection of the Jesus, the Messiah/King by religious leaders, family, and people of his hometown. This rejection causes the servanthood of the Messiah to stand in sharp contrast.

One application for each of us could be to ask: "In light of Mark's presentation of the Lord Jesus as The Servant, whom should I serve in my family, church, sphere of influence?"

In the painting below, can you pick which man the artist depicts as Mark? Hint: see Mark 14:51 and study note, and Acts 10:37 and study note.


The Four Evangelists, Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John (French: Les quatre évangélistes) is an oil on canvas painting by the Flemish Baroque artist Jacob Jordaens, completed in 1625, and is in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.

Assignment for Wednesday, September 4, 2019:

-Read the gospel of Luke and the accompanying manual pages

-Choose one of these passages from pages 55-56 and fill in the assignment box on page 56: Luke 1:1-4; 1:5-7; 4:14-21; 5:20-26; 6:12-16; 7:11-17; 7:36-50; 10:25-37; 13:1-5; 14:1-6; 14:25-35; 15:11-32; 16:1-14; 19:1-10; 19:1-10; 20:1-8; 22:39-46; 2 3:39-47; 24:44-49.

Lord willing, we look forward to seeing you next Wednesday as we continue to learn of the one who gave himself for us. Have a great no-labor, Labor Day!